The New START Treaty
|Sidst redigeret d. 26/5 - 2020
foto: United States Mission Genevas Fotostream,
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Head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Leontyev, left; and Head of the U.S. delegation, John Ordway, right; sign agreements on the sharing of telemetric information during the third session of the Bilateral Consultative Commission Under the New START Treaty in Geneva, Switzerland, on February 7th, 2012. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]
Discussion held this month as way to press Russia and China into agreeing arms control deal, officials say
by Julian Borger in Washington d. 23/5 - 2020
...The last major arms control treaty left standing is the 2010 New Start agreement, limiting US and Russian deployed strategic warheads. It is due to expire in February next year but the Trump administration has said it does not want to extend it without bringing China into arms control negotiations. Beijing has refused, on the grounds that its stockpile is tiny compared with the US and Russian arsenals (estimated at just over a twentieth of the size)...
...The NNSA, an agency of the energy department, has the job of maintaining the readiness of the US nuclear arsenal, and has developed computer diagnostic tools to check the state of the warheads, drawing on data from the 1,054 tests the US carried out between 1945 and 1992...
...“They have said that they see no technical reason to resume testing for the foreseeable future. And that was the statement that was made when I left,” Klotz, a retired air force lieutenant general, said. “Whether that’s changed or not I don’t know. I doubt it, quite frankly.”...
Q&A: New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (Start)
BBC d. 23/12 - 2010
The New Start treaty, signed by the US and Russian presidents, replaces the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (Start), first proposed by US President Ronald Reagan in 1982 and signed in 1991, as the USSR sped towards collapse.
It puts new, lower limits on the size of each country's nuclear arsenal, and updates the verification mechanism.
There are limits on warheads and on launchers, which must be implemented within seven years of the treaty's entry into force.
Warheads: Under the New Start treaty each side is allowed a maximum of 1,550 warheads. This is about 30% lower than the figure of 2,200 that each side was meant to reach by 2012 under the Start treaty (as revised in the 2002 Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty).
Launchers: Each country is allowed, in total, no more than 700 deployed intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and heavy bombers equipped for nuclear arms. Another 100 are allowed if they are not operationally deployed - for example, missiles removed from a sub undergoing a long-term overhaul…
US and Russian nuclear arsenals
BBc d. 8/4 -2010
US President Barack Obama and his Russian counterpart, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a landmark nuclear arms treaty in the Czech capital, Prague on Thursday.
The treaty commits the former Cold War enemies to each reduce the number of deployed strategic warheads to 1,550 - 30% lower than the previous ceiling. Here is a breakdown of their respective arsenals.
Global map of nuclear arsenals
BBC d. 5/4 - 2009
The 5th Prague Agenda Conference
The New START treaty is the successor to the START I. The START II was signed, but not ratified.